To determine if the volume is trading heavier or lighter than normal, traders can refer to the relative volume figure. Volume is counted as the total number of shares that are actually traded during the trading day or specified set period of time. Each ticket represents a trade and counted towards the total trading volume.

what is trade volume

The ARMA volume forecasting model improvement over the naïve thirty day average daily volume measure (e.g., ADV30). The error between actual volume and forecasting volume decreases –19.5% with the ARMA model over the naïve ADV30 measure. Price moves made on low volume may be said to “lack conviction” and could be viewed as being less predictive of future returns. You can tell when volume is high or low by comparing the current level to another time period , an average, or some other benchmark. You should also consider seasonal differences in absolute volume amounts as well as volume trends.

Measuring Trading Volume

To detect or conclude a trend pattern requires heavy volume, and to a lesser extent high open interest. The market also expects volumes to increase in the direction of the trend, and decrease on pullbacks against the trend. Volume levels are used to back up analysis when detecting patterns. Broadly speaking, volume in investing means the total amount of a security that changes hands over a given period of time. This can refer to shares of an individual stock, the number of options contracts traded, or the total number of shares exchanged within an index or an entire stock market.

The volume of trade is a very significant technical indicator for traders. Traders use this to understand the level of liquidity attached to a particular asset. It also points out how easy it will be for a trader to enter and come out of stock or contract based on the level of activeness of the asset. It helps traders understand how many interested buyers and sellers are there present for a particular stock and at what prices can one enter or leave the stock or contract.

The cliché “Never short a dull market.” plays right into this. Often times, the heaviest volume bar forms at the peak of the move. This is why heavy volume hammer and shooting star candlesticks can form highly effective reversal signals. Volume analysis should be used in the context of the trading market environment with other supporting technical indicators.

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This could signal to the investor that the bullish uptrend in ABC stock is beginning to lose momentum and may soon end. If there’s a higher volume of trading in a particular stock, that naturally means that investors are interested in buying or selling it. If volume and price are on the rise, it means investors are betting the company will do well.

what is trade volume

Some exchanges, including NASDAQ, offer lists of unusually high volume stocks, indicating something is potentially going on with those companies that investors may want to be aware of. Stock market investors will often watch changing volume numbers along with changing prices when deciding to make trades. For longer-term traders or investors, spikes in volume might not be as important to an overall trading plan. Instead, investors might want to see a sustained, consistent increase in volume over time as a stock moves higher. This can indicate that larger investors, like institutions, may be involved with the stock. As they funnel their money in over time, it could mean the trend has staying power.

Related Data

While the same shares may be traded back and forth multiple times, the volume is counted on each transaction. Volume of trade, also known as trading volume, refers to the quantity of shares or contracts that belong to a given security traded on a daily basis. In other words, trading volume provides a measure of the number of shares that are transacted between a given time period.

It’s helpful to familiarize yourself with different investment analysis strategies when building a portfolio. Technical analysis, for example, relies on pricing trends and trading movements while fundamental analysis looks more closely at a company’s fundamentals. Understanding how the two compare can help you determine which approach better fits your investment style. The off-book market, in contrast, operates through a bilateral exchange mechanism, via telephone calls or direct contact of the trading parties. The anonymous nature of the on-book market facilitates order splitting—that is, large orders are split into smaller pieces and traded incrementally.

Here are some common ways to use volume to confirm a bullish price move, as well as an example of how volume can undermine a price trend. The Relative Strength Index is a momentum indicator that measures the magnitude of recent price changes to analyze overbought or oversold conditions. The last time I tried to developing a Volume Heatmap, that the Marketorders made. With the currently version I achieve my skills for that and I present it for everyone – some bugs I cannot solve today. It also possible to see the POC – also the dynamic of volume…

  • In the perfect-market benchmark, the market is organized as a centralized exchange.
  • Brian Armstrong is the founder of Coinbase, one of the largest cryptocurrency exchanges in the United States.
  • The term volume means how much of a given stock was traded in a particular period of time.
  • Here are some common ways to use volume to confirm a bearish price move, as well as an example of how volume can undermine a price trend.
  • Trading volume is usually higher when the price of a security is changing.

The volume of trade is a measure of the market’s activity and liquidity during a set period of time. Volume is typically low around Christmas and New Year’s Day, when investors and traders take vacations and there’s little corporate news announced to shift the markets. The average daily volume of the largest e-brokers in December was 6.6 million shares, a record. In January, average daily trades are at 8.1 million, a 23% increase. Much of it is being driven by retail investors, who are continuing the high level of engagement that began in 2020.

Once you’ve done that, adding a moving average to the volume itself will allow you to view volume in different time frames simultaneously. In trading, the term “volume” represents the number of units that change hands for stocks or futures contracts over a specific time period. The average volume of a security over a longer period of time is the total amount traded in that period, divided by the length of the period.

If the volume is on the increase overall, you can go deeper to analyze what’s driving higher trading activity. Specifically, you’d want to look at how prices are moving in connection with trading volume. When prices move up or down sharply on increasing or decreasing volume, that can signal that a shift is happening or is about to happen in the market. From a charting perspective, the long-term uptrend is evident looking at a multimonth chart of stocks.

Trading Calendar

Exchange traded futures can also supported in MDDL, and it’s possible to support the investment decision process in a similar way to options. Yobit, Bittrex, C-Cex are exchanges which offer support for many altcoins. On Balance Volume is another indicator that incorporates volume. OBV tries to detect momentum by providing a running total of volume, showing when volume is flowing into or out of a stock or other security.

They also notice that the trading volume was the highest that ABC stock had experienced over the past two years, and that the stock is continuing to trend higher. This signals to the investor that ABC is gaining momentum and gives them confidence that the trend should continue higher. Thus, the increase in trading volume led the investor to purchase 1,000 shares of ABC stock. Volume refers to the amount of shares or contracts traded in an asset or security over a period of time, usually over the course of a trading day. Each market exchange tracks its trading volume and provides volume data. The volumes of trade numbers are reported as often as once an hour throughout the current trading day.

Trading Volumemeans the product of the Market Price and the daily trading volume as reported by Bloomberg, LP. The value of your investment will fluctuate over Currency Risk time, and you may gain or lose money. Get a weekly email of our pros’ current thinking about financial markets, investing strategies, and personal finance.

Another setup based upon volume spikes candlesticks with extremely long wicks. To help train your chart eye, here are a few examples of “joining the trend” that didn’t work very well. The price action after the breakout should move swiftly in your favor.

For all intents and purposes, we define a spike as an increase of 500% or more in volume over the recent volume average. This volume spike will often lead to sharp reversals since the moves are unsustainable due to the imbalance of supply and demand. Trading counter to volume spikes can be profitable, but it requires enormous skill and mastery of volume analysis.

How It Volume Of Trade Expressed?

Clicking this link takes you outside the TD Ameritrade website to a web site controlled by third-party, a separate but affiliated company. TD Ameritrade is not responsible for the content or services this website. Past performance of a security or Swing trading strategy does not guarantee future results or success. Volume can, however, provide you with further insights into the internal health of a trend. In relative terms, the 35,000 level is now the high-level volume zone which may act as resistance.

If volume is up but price is down, it means more investors are looking to sell. The trading volume of a stock can be used to measure the liquidity of a stock, or the ease with which it can be bought and sold. A low trading volume means that a stock is bought and sold infrequently, and that it may be difficult to purchase shares if you desire them, or to sell them if you own them. A high trading volume indicates that a stock has high liquidity and may be bought or sold easily.


The average volume statistic shows how many shares change hands in investments on a normal day. Some days will have a much higher volume than normal, while other days see a lower volume. In what is trade volume such a situation, the total trading volume in the market would be 350. It is because 100 shares of Alpha were traded, 50 shares of Beta were traded, and 200 shares of Gamma were traded.

On the other hand, the off-book market is a block market, where large orders can be traded in a single transaction. Plays a key role in shaping many properties of the market, including the long memory of order flow, which, as we will show, in turn has important consequences for market impact. In recent years there has been a debate about the statistical properties of trading volume. This is partly due to the fact that markets have different structures and one should be careful in specifying which volume is considered in the analysis.

Volume levels can also help traders decide on specified times for a transaction. Traders follow the average daily trading volume of a security over short-term and longer-term periods when making decisions on trade timing. Traders can also use several technical analysis indicators that incorporate volume. The Securities and Exchange Commission regulates the sale of securities by traders. According to Rule 144, sellers cannot make security sales exceeding 1% of outstanding shares of the same class being sold.

Access to Electronic Services may be limited or unavailable during periods of peak demand, market volatility, systems upgrade, maintenance, or for other reasons. Trading volume can also signal when an investor should take profits and sell a security due to low activity. If there is no relationship between the trading volume and the price of a security, this signals weakness in the current trend and a possible reversal. In general, assets with higher trading volume, whether they’re stocks or something else, are also considered more liquid.

Author: Dori Zinn